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Hannibal Goodwin

/ Hannibal Goodwin

Hannibal Goodwin

Hannibal Goodwin
Invented Film in Newark, NJ.
Born April 21, 1822-Died December 31, 1900 (age 78)

Hannibal Williston Goodwin was an Episcopal priest at the House of Prayer Episcopal Church and Rectory in Newark, New Jersey, patented a method for making transparent, flexible roll film out of nitrocellulose film base, which was used in Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope, an early machine for viewing motion pictures.

He was motivated to search for a non-breakable, and clear substance on which he could place the images he utilized in his Biblical teachings. On May 2, 1887, the year Reverend Goodwin retired from the church he had served for twenty years, he filed a patent for "a photographic pellicle and process of producing same ... especially in connection with roller cameras", but the patent was not granted until 13 September 1898. In the meantime, George Eastman had already started production of roll-film using his own process.  Eastman Kodak was successfully for infringement of the patent and was awarded $5,000,000 in 1914.

In 1900, Goodwin set up the Goodwin Film and Camera Company, but before film production had started he was involved in a street accident near a construction site and died on December 31, 1900 from his injuries.


Invented celluloid film in Newark, NJ. In this house , now a National Registered Historic Place

The Plume House where celluloid film was invented by Hannibal Goodwin
Plume House rectory 407 Broad Newark, NJ